+*- Breeder's Cup

The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds run at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion and The Run for the Carnations, is the traditional third and final leg of the Triple Crown. It is usually held on the first or second Saturday in June, five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record (which is also a track and world record on dirt) of 2:24.

When run at 1+1⁄2 miles, the Belmont Stakes covers one full lap of Belmont Park, known as "The Championship Track" because nearly every major American champion in racing history has competed on the racetrack. Belmont Park, with its large, wide, sweeping turns and long homestretch, is considered one of the fairest racetracks in America. Despite the distance, the race tends to favor horses with tactical speed: relatively few winners close from far behind the early leaders.

The attendance at the Belmont Stakes is among the American thoroughbred racing top-attended events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a television audience of 21.9 million viewers, and had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown.

American Pharoah won the 147th Belmont Stakes in 2015, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown since Affirmed in 1978. Justify won the 150th Belmont Stakes in 2018 to become the 13th Triple Crown champion.

The 153rd running of the Belmont Stakes was held June 5, 2021.

 

Full Listing of Belmont Stakes Winners


Year
Horse
Trainer
Jockey
Time
2020* Tiz the Law Barclay Tagg Manny Franco 01:46.5
2019 Sir Winston Mark E. Casse Joel Rosario 02:28.3
2018 Justify Bob Baffert Mike Smith 02:28.2
2017 Tapwrit Todd Pletcher Jose Ortiz 02:30.0
2016 Creator Steve Asmussen Irad Ortiz, Jr 02:28.5
2015 American Pharoah  Bob Baffert Victor Espinoza 02:26.7
2014 Tonalist Christophe Clement Joel Rosario 02:28.5
2013 Palace Malice Todd Pletcher Mike Smith 02:30.7
2012 Union Rags Michael Matz John Velazquez 02:30.4
2011 Ruler on Ice Kelly Breen Jose Valdivia, Jr. 02:30.9
2010 Drosselmeyer William Mott Mike Smith 02:31.6
2009 Summer Bird Tim Ice Kent Desormeaux 02:27.5
2008 Da'Tara Nick Zito Alan Garcia 02:29.7
2007 Rags to Riches** Todd Pletcher John Velazquez 02:28.7
2006 Jazil Kiaran McLaughlin Fernando Jara 02:27.9
2005 Afleet Alex Timothy Ritchey Jeremy Rose 02:28.7
2004 Birdstone Nick Zito Edgar Prado 02:27.5
2003 Empire Maker Robert Frankel Jerry Bailey 02:28.3
2002 Sarava Kenneth McPeek Edgar Prado 02:29.7
2001 Point Given Bob Baffert Gary Stevens 02:26.6
2000 Commendable D. Wayne Lukas Pat Day 02:31.2
1999 Lemon Drop Kid Scotty Schulhofer Jose Santos 02:27.9
1998 Victory Gallop W. Elliott Walden Gary Stevens 02:29.2
1997 Touch Gold David Hofmans Chris McCarron 02:28.8
1996 Editor’s Note D. Wayne Lukas Rene R. Douglas 02:29.0
1995 Thunder Gulch D. Wayne Lukas Gary Stevens 02:32.0
1994 Tabasco Cat D. Wayne Lukas Pat Day 02:26.8
1993 Colonial Affair Scotty Schulhofer Julie Krone 02:30.0
1992 A.P. Indy Neil Drysdale Ed Delahoussaye 02:26.1
1991 Hansel Frank L. Brothers Jerry Bailey 02:28.1
1990 Go And Go Dermot K. Weld Michael Kinane 02:27.2
1989 Easy Goer C. R. McGaughey III Pat Day 02:26.0
1988 Risen Star Louie J. Roussel III Ed Delahoussaye 02:26.4
1987 Bet Twice Jimmy Croll Craig Perret 02:28.2
1986 Danzig Connection Woody Stephens Chris McCarron 02:29.8
1985 Creme Fraiche Woody Stephens Eddie Maple 02:27.0
1984 Swale Woody Stephens Laffit Pincay, Jr. 02:27.2
1983 Caveat Woody Stephens Laffit Pincay, Jr. 02:27.8
1982 Conquistador Cielo Woody Stephens Laffit Pincay, Jr. 02:28.2
1981 Summing Luis Barrera George Martens 02:29.0
1980 Temperence Hill Joseph B. Cantey Eddie Maple 02:29.8
1979 Coastal David A. Whiteley Ruben Hernandez 02:28.6
1978 Affirmed  Laz Barrera Steve Cauthen 02:26.8
1977 Seattle Slew  William H. Turner, Jr. Jean Cruguet 02:29.6
1976 Bold Forbes Laz Barrera Angel Cordero, Jr. 02:29.0
1975 Avatar Tommy Doyle Bill Shoemaker 02:28.2
1974 Little Current Lou Rondinello Miguel A. Rivera 02:29.2
1973 Secretariat  Lucien Laurin Ron Turcotte 02:24.0
1972 Riva Ridge Lucien Laurin Ron Turcotte 02:28.0
1971 Pass Catcher Eddie Yowell Walter Blum 02:30.4
1970 High Echelon John W. Jacobs John L. Rotz 02:34.0
1969 Arts and Letters J. Elliott Burch Braulio Baeza 02:28.8
1968 Stage Door Johnny John M. Gaver, Sr. Heliodoro Gustines 02:27.2
1967 Damascus Frank Y. Whiteley, Jr. Bill Shoemaker 02:28.8
1966 Amberoid Lucien Laurin William Boland 02:29.6
1965 Hail To All Eddie Yowell Johnny Sellers 02:28.4
1964 Quadrangle J. Elliott Burch Manuel Ycaza 02:28.4
1963 Chateaugay James P. Conway Braulio Baeza 02:30.2
1962 Jaipur Bert Mulholland Bill Shoemaker 02:28.8
1961 Sherluck Harold Young Braulio Baeza 02:29.2
1960 Celtic Ash Thomas J. Barry Bill Hartack 02:29.2
1959 Sword Dancer J. Elliott Burch Bill Shoemaker 02:28.4
1958 Cavan Thomas J. Barry Pete Anderson 02:30.2
1957 Gallant Man John A. Nerud Bill Shoemaker 02:26.6
1956 Needles Hugh L. Fontaine David Erb 02:29.8
1955 Nashua Jim Fitzsimmons Eddie Arcaro 02:29.0
1954 High Gun Max Hirsch Eric Guerin 02:30.8
1953 Native Dancer Bill Winfrey Eric Guerin 02:28.6
1952 One Count Oscar White Eddie Arcaro 02:30.2
1951 Counterpoint Sylvester Veitch David Gorman 02:29.0
1950 Middleground Max Hirsch William Boland 02:28.6
1949 Capot John M. Gaver, Sr. Ted Atkinson 02:30.2
1948 Citation  Horace A. Jones Eddie Arcaro 02:28.2
1947 Phalanx Sylvester Veitch Ruperto Donoso 02:29.4
1946 Assault  Max Hirsch Warren Mehrtens 02:30.8
1945 Pavot Oscar White Eddie Arcaro 02:30.2
1944 Bounding Home Matt Brady Gayle Smith 02:32.2
1943 Count Fleet  Don Cameron Johnny Longden 02:28.2
1942 Shut Out John M. Gaver, Sr. Eddie Arcaro 02:29.2
1941 Whirlaway  Ben A. Jones Eddie Arcaro 02:31.0
1940 Bimelech William A. Hurley Fred A. Smith 02:29.6
1939 Johnstown Jim Fitzsimmons James Stout 02:29.6
1938 Pasteurized George M. Odom James Stout 02:29.4
1937 War Admiral  George Conway Charley Kurtsinger 02:28.6
1936 Granville Jim Fitzsimmons James Stout 02:30.0
1935 Omaha  Jim Fitzsimmons Willie Saunders 02:30.6
1934 Peace Chance Pete Coyne Wayne D. Wright 02:29.2
1933 Hurryoff Henry McDaniel Mack Garner 02:32.6
1932 Faireno Jim Fitzsimmons Tommy Malley 02:32.8
1931 Twenty Grand James G. Rowe, Jr. Charley Kurtsinger 02:29.6
1930 Gallant Fox  Jim Fitzsimmons Earl Sande 02:31.6
1929 Blue Larkspur Herbert J. Thompson Mack Garner 02:32.8
1928 Vito Max Hirsch Clarence Kummer 02:33.2
1927 Chance Shot Pete Coyne Earl Sande 02:32.4
1926 Crusader George Conway Albert Johnson 02:32.2
1925 American Flag Gwyn R. Tompkins Albert Johnson 02:16.8
1924 Mad Play Sam Hildreth Earl Sande 02:18.8
1923 Zev Sam Hildreth Earl Sande 02:19.0
1922 Pillory Thomas J. Healey C. H. Miller 02:18.8
1921 Grey Lag Sam Hildreth Earl Sande 02:16.8
1920 Man o' War Louis Feustel Clarence Kummer 02:14.2
1919 Sir Barton  H. Guy Bedwell Johnny Loftus 02:17.4
1918 Johren Albert Simons Frank Robinson 02:20.4
1917 Hourless Sam Hildreth James H. Butwell 02:17.8
1916 Friar Rock Everett Haynes 02:22.0
1915 The Finn Edward W. Heffner George Byrne 02:18.4
1914 Luke McLuke John F. Schorr Merritt Buxton 02:20.0
1913 Prince Eugene James G. Rowe, Sr. Roscoe Troxler 02:18.0
1912
1911
1910 Sweep James G. Rowe, Sr. James H. Butwell 02:22.0
1909 Joe Madden Sam Hildreth Eddie Dugan 02:21.6
1908 Colin James G. Rowe, Sr. Joe Notter N/A
1907 Peter Pan James G. Rowe, Sr. George Mountain N/A
1906 Burgomaster John W. Rogers Lucien Lyne 02:20.0
1905 Tanya** John W. Rogers Gene Hildebrand 02:08.0
1904 Delhi James G. Rowe, Sr. George M. Odom 02:06.6
1903 Africander Richard O. Miller John Bullman 02:21.7
1902 Masterman John J. Hyland John Bullman 02:22.6
1901 Commando James G. Rowe, Sr. Henry Spencer 02:21.0
1900 Ildrim H. Eugene Leigh Nash Turner 02:21.2
1899 Jean Bereaud Sam Hildreth Richard Clawson 02:23.0
1898 Bowling Brook R. Wyndham Walden Fred Littlefield 02:32.0
1897 Scottish Chieftain Matt Byrnes Joe Scherrer 02:23.3
1896 Hastings John J. Hyland Henry Griffin 02:24.5
1895 Belmar Edward Feakes Fred Taral 02:11.5
1894 Henry of Navarre Byron McClelland Willie Simms 01:56.5
1893 Comanche Gus Hannon Willie Simms 01:53.2
1892 Patron Lewis Stuart William Hayward 02:17.0
1891 Foxford M. Donavan Edward R. Garrison 02:08.8
1890 Burlington Albert Cooper Pike Barnes 02:07.8
1889 Eric John Huggins William Hayward 02:47.3
1888 Sir Dixon Frank McCabe Jim McLaughlin 02:40.3
1887 Hanover Frank McCabe Jim McLaughlin 02:43.5
1886 Inspector B Frank McCabe Jim McLaughlin 02:41.0
1885 Tyrant C. Claypool Paul Duffy 02:43.0
1884 Panique James G. Rowe, Sr. Jim McLaughlin 02:42.0
1883 George Kinney James G. Rowe, Sr. Jim McLaughlin 02:42.5
1882 Forester Lewis Stuart Jim McLaughlin 02:43.0
1881 Saunterer R. Wyndham Walden Tom Costello 02:47.0
1880 Grenada R. Wyndham Walden W. Hughes 02:47.0
1879 Spendthrift Thomas Puryear George Evans 02:42.7
1878 Duke of Magenta R. Wyndham Walden W. Hughes 02:43.5
1877 Cloverbrook Jeter Walden C. Holloway 02:46.0
1876 Algerine Thomas W. Doswell Billy Donohue 02:40.5
1875 Calvin Ansel Williamson Bobby Swim 02:42.3
1874 Saxon W. Prior George Barbee 02:39.5
1873 Springbok David McDaniel James G. Rowe, Sr. 03:01.7
1872 Joe Daniels David McDaniel James G. Rowe, Sr. 02:58.2
1871 Harry Bassett David McDaniel Walter Miller 02:56.0
1870 Kingfisher Rollie Colston Edward D. Brown 02:59.5
1869 Fenian Jacob Pincus C. Miller 03:04.3
1868 General Duke A. Thompson Bobby Swim 03:02.0
1867 Ruthless** A. Jack Minor Gilbert Patrick 03:05.0

 

History

The Belmont Stakes is the oldest and longest of the three Triple Crown events. Inaugurated on June 19, 1867 at Jerome Park, the Belmont was later run at Morris Park and then moved to Belmont Park when the latter opened in 1905. Aqueduct served as a substitute host from 1963-67 when the Belmont Park stands were being rebuilt.

The Belmont has been run every year except in 1911-12, when racing was temporarily banned in New York. Run at various distances through the mid-1920s, the current distance of 1 1/2 miles, one lap around Belmont’s sweeping oval, has been in place since 1926.

Known as the “Test of the Champion,” the Belmont was created as New York’s equivalent of the Derby Stakes in England.

All 13 Triple Crown winners completed their series sweep in the Belmont, and many more have seen the elusive prize slip away in the long and demanding test.

The most famous of all Belmont renewals is undoubtedly Secretariat’s 31-length tour de force in the 1973 edition. His final time of 2:24 remains an American record for 1 1/2 miles on dirt, a full two seconds faster than the next-fastest clocking held jointly by Easy Goer (1989) and A.P. Indy (1992).

The first running of the Belmont in 1867 was won by the filly Ruthless. Another filly, Tanya, won the race the first time it was contested at Belmont Park in 1905, but it would be 102 more years before Rags to Riches (2007) became the third female to win.

New York was one of the last racing jurisdictions in the United States to switch from bookmaking to pari-mutuel wagering, which was instituted in time for the 1940 Belmont Stakes.

Eleven odds-on favorites have won the Belmont since 1940. The shortest-priced winner was Triple Crown hero Count Fleet (1943), who paid $2.10 after defeating two rivals.

Three horses in the pari-mutuel era have won the Belmont at odds of 50-1 or higher: Sarava (2002, $142.50), Sherluck (1961, $132.10), and Temperence Hill (1980, $108.80). Sarava and Sherluck spoiled the Triple Crown bids of War Emblem and Carry Back, respectively.

First run in 1867, the Belmont Stakes is one of the oldest Thoroughbred races in the United States that still runs today. Fondly known as the Third Jewel of the Triple Crown, the Belmont Stakes has a more grueling and fitting nickname – The Test of the Champion.

Many believe that the Belmont Stakes are named after Belmont Park, but the race is actually named after August Belmont Sr., a famous horseman who lived during the 19th century. Belmont Sr. founded the Belmont Stakes at Jerome Park Racetrack in 1868, where the race ran until 1890. It was then moved to Morris Park Racecourse from 1890 till 1905. After that, the Belmont Stakes settled in to its new and current home at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York.

The 1 ½ mile challenge is one of the most grueling races a three-year old colt can endure. The Belmont Stakes has also been run at several other distances, and was originally run at 1 5/8th miles. Race organizers settled on the 1 ½ mile distance in 1926 where it has remained since. The only exception was in 2020 when the race was run before the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes at a shortened distance of 11/8th miles due to COVID-19 pandemic related scheduling changes.

Crowds at the Belmont Stakes have reached as high as 103,000, such in the year War Emblem won in 2002. For various reasons, the race organizers have capped attendance at 90,000 in recent renewals. This is likely due to the unpredictable response from the mainstream.

Despite it’s standing as an American Classic, interest in the Belmont Stakes can be tough to pinpoint. During California Chrome’s Triple Crown bid in 2014, more than $150 million was wagered over the 13-card program on Belmont Day. The following year, during American Pharoah’s own bid for immortality, the handle actually decreased to the $135 million range. In 2016, the Belmont Stakes handle dipped to $99 million with no Triple Crown bid on the line.

The next renewal for the Belmont Stakes will occur on June 5th, 2021.

The Triple Crown

The Triple Crown series was cemented in terms of schedule by 1931, placing the Belmont Stakes as the final leg. Prior to 1931, the races were flipped around in order depending on track availability and the agenda’s of the organizers themselves. The term “Triple Crown” was coined by Daily Racing Form writer Charles Hatton in the early 1930’s and the series was later instituted as it is known today.

Thirteen champions have earned the Triple Crown. They are: Sir Barton (1919) ,Gallant Fox (1930), Omaha (1935), War Admiral (1937), Whirlaway (1941), Count Fleet (1943), Assault (1946), Citation (1948), Secretariat (1973), Seattle Slew (1977), Affirmed (1978), American Pharoah (2015) and Justify (2018).

The gap between Affirmed and American Pharoah winning Triple Crowns was 38 years, and was heavily publicized heading in to the 2015 Belmont Stakes. American Pharoah’s victory at the Belmont may have been the most significant in resurrecting interest in the Triple Crown as he was later voted as the Sportsperson of the Year in Sports Illustrated through an online poll.

An additional 23 horses have won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes, but come up short at the Belmont Stakes. Some of the most notable horses to do so are Northern Dance (1964), Spectacular Bid (1979), Alysheba (1987), Sunday Silence (1989), Silver charm (1997), Real Quiet (1998), Charismatic (1999), Smarty Jones (2004), I’ll Have Another (2012) and California Chrome (2014).

One of the most memorable finishes at the Belmont Stakes is also its most tragic. Charismatic fractured several bones in his foreleg during the 1999 renewal. Jockey Chris Antley sensed something was wrong during the race and leapt off so he could support Charismatic’s leg himself. The injury forced Charismatic in to retirement, but he was honored with an Eclipse Award for 3-Year-Old Colt of the Year and Horse of the Year in 1999 regardless of the injury. An iconic photo of Antley bracing Charismatic’s leg at the Belmont Stakes was the 1999 National Thoroughbred Racing Association Moment of the Year.

 

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